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Agencia para la Reincorporación y la Normalización

Usted está en: ACR > Colombian Reintegration Agency (ACR) Main Portal > Reintegration > The Reintegration Route

The Reintegration Route

The Reintegration Route is the path that each person in the process led by the ACR must walk through in order to fully reintegrate into the social and economic life.

This is an agreed work plan between the ACR and the person undergoing a Reintegration Process. This plan provides a customized attention1 based on the function of the life project of the individual and of the characteristics of the context.

When a participant's route in the Reintegration Process is being designed, the designing an activity scheme that is coherent with the real options of the individual in relation to the desired life project is sought without losing sight of the way the social, economic and legal benefits of the Reintegration Process are regulated.

A life project is understood as something essential to the route, that implies the assumption that the sustainability of the Reintegration Process, in terms of the roots in reality, is only possible if the person understands that the activities are a tool to encourage the capabilities and assets that will enable an autonomous exercise of citizenship.

It is expected that with the route, the people undergoing a Reintegration Process understand that it is possible to materialize their life aspirations in legality.

Benefits of the demobilized people undergoing a Reintegration Process



Orientation about the type of activities that constitute the Route

In order to achieve the aforementioned, the Reintegration Route counts with intervention and attention activities that scope the services provided by the ACR for the person undergoing a Reintegration Process.

In the first place, the intervention activities have the purpose of having an impact on an individual's transformation related to his/her life project. Through this intervention, the institution promotes and generates possibilities so that the person undergoing a Reintegration Process develops his/her autonomy as an individual.

Different approaches of the concept of autonomy from the context of ethics and citizenship recognize, in the first place, the capability of the individual to define, pursue and develop his/her own purposes and projects, and in the second place, the need to recognize the "other person":

 “(…) the citizen is s/he who "carefully relates autonomy or what other traditions have called 'agency', in the always desirable capability of building the own life and in the compassion as the conscience of building it with others, with those who are recognized as equals (...)" (Ordóñez, 2011, p. 64).

Underpinning and orientating the Reintegration Route towards the reconstruction of life projects allows the person undergoing the Reintegration Process to recognize himself/herself and other as agents "with the capability of potentiating [those] targets that he or she wants to potentiate" (Urrutia, 2005).

Such promotion of autonomy can not set aside other people nor the dynamics, contexts, institutions, values, public justice regulations, etc., that constitute the different realities of social life: "the concept of agency highlights the importance of a self-built development process and tailored for those who are their main characters (...) from an agency in a permanent dialogue and negotiation with structures (Urrutia, 2005).

Therefore, this type of intervention has the following specific characteristics: 

  • “(…)This is a mediating action between users and the institutional structure that intervenes.

  • An active and constructive participation is needed from the users.

  • It is a comprehensive and permanent process addressed to increase the capability of human, family and community development (…).

  • Allows individuals to exercise control and power on their individual and social environment to face and solve problems and achieve changes in the social context” (Alvis, 2009).

  • Recognizes and promotes the autonomy or agency of the individuals.

  • Dialogues with the values, institutions and social structures. 

In the second place, the service activities seek the transmission of information and knowledge to people undergoing a Reintegration Process in relation to the use of the service offer of the institution and other external actors.

Therefore, while the intervention activities seek the transformation of the individual with the purpose of understanding that through his/her actions s/he can achieve his/her objectives and life project, the service activities seek that the individual understands that there are certain social opportunities s/he can appropriate.

The Reintegration Route understood from the Dimensions

The agreement of a work plan with the person undergoing a Reintegration Process requests comprise both the integrality of the person as well as the different barriers for the autonomous exercise of his/her citizenship. For this purpose, certain heuristic categories that reflect the different variables that have an impact on the development and/or enhancement of the capabilities of the individual and family are required. This means that a set of certain dimensions for operating the Reintegration Route is required that, in the end, is the entrance door for understanding the individual.

Dimensions 2017


1 Tailored service does not mean an individual service. This means that this is not a service modality where the reintegrator has encounters with a single person, but a service, whether carried out in a group or through an individual manner where the particularities of each individual are taken into account.